Case Study: HIPAA

Case StudyWhat is HIPAA?

Phlebotomist Mariam entered patient Jones’s room to draw blood.  Patient Jones was in the hospital for a short-stay surgery, a therapeutic abortion.  Patient Jones’s doctor had ordered a CBC, electrolytes panel, PT, PTT, ABO/Rh and Rhogam if indicated.  While phlebotomist Mariam was drawing blood, patient Jones’s father looked at the doctor’s orders.

Mr. Jones asked phlebotomist Mariam what kind of test Rhogam is and what is meant by “…if indicated.”  Phlebotomist Mariam told Mr. Jones that when an Rh-negative mother has an Rh-positive baby, the mother is given Rhogam to prevent the formation of antibodies against future pregnancies of Rh-positive babies.

Phlebotomist Mariam immediately noticed that the father and the daughter were visibly upset.  The father said that the doctor’s orders must be wrong and that phlebotomist Mariam should check with her supervisor because his daughter was not pregnant; she was having a simple corrective surgery.

Questions  (leave a reply)

  1. What is HIPAA?
  2. Did the phlebotomist violate HIPAA regulations?
  3. Did the father have the right to look at his daughter’s hospital orders?
  4. Did the phlebotomist give the father the correct answer to his question?

2 Responses

  1. 1-HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) is law that approved by US congress in 1996. It Provides :
    -Rights and protections for participants and beneficiaries in group health plans.
    -Protections for coverage under group health plans that limit exclusions for preexisting conditions.
    -Prohibit discrimination against employees and dependents based on their health status.
    -Allow a special opportunity to enroll in a new plan to individuals in certain condition.
    -It gives a right to purchase individual coverage if you have no group health plan coverage available, and have exhausted COBRA or other continuation coverage.and
    -It helps keep patient information private.

    2- Yes, b/c she exposed patient information without the patient’s concent.
    3- No, b/c He has no right according to HIPAA, His daughter is concious, she can decide herself.
    4- Yes

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